Consistent with its mandate to pursue a world free from hunger and malnutrition, the following “FAO Policy on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples” has been formulated so as to ensure that FAO will make all due efforts to respect, include and promote indigenous issues in relevant work. In so doing, it joins the international community’s increasing mobilization in favour of the rights and concerns of indigenous peoples, most of whom suffer disproportionately from multiple adversities such as discrimination, poverty, ill health, political under-representation, and environmental and cultural degradation. Although much attention is focused on the challenges that indigenous peoples face, it is equally important to remember the specialized knowledge and ingenuity which often characterize indigenous livelihood practices. As an organization which specializes in rural poverty reduction and food security, it is imperative for FAO to consider indigenous peoples as fundamental stakeholders and partners in development.
This report aims to build knowledge about how corporate cultures in mining companies influence how well those companies manage conflict with local communities. It is the product of a joint research project undertaken by the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative at Harvard Kennedy School and the Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining at the Sustainable Minerals Institute of The University of Queensland in Australia.
The IFC Oil, Gas and Mining Linkages Program: The IFC Enhancing the Fabrication Capabilities in the Nigerian Oil & Gas Industry Program
Nigeria spends more than 85 percent of its oil and gas expenditure outside its borders, meaning domestic companies are missing out on major contracts. To help support the growth of engineering firms in Nigeria, the Nigerian and Norwegian governments are helping increase their participation in the country’s growing oil and gas industry.
IFC and BP are ensuring local small business participation in the supply chain of the ACG oil field and the BTC pipeline, BP’s massive projects in Azerbaijan, a country that has struggled economically since the breakup of the Soviet Union.
Cairn Energy, an oil and gas company focused on exploration and production in South Asia, asked IFC in 2006 to provide comprehensive support for development of its oil discoveries in Rajasthan, India. Cairn sought commercially-oriented financing combined with environmental advice and help in outreach to local communities. The ambitious project included exploration, appraisal, and phased development drilling, water injection, construction of oil processing, and transportation facilities.
The Community-Based Water Resiliency (CBWR) electronic tool increases the awareness of water sector interdependencies and highlights multiple benefits of implementing preparedness practices and gaining support from stakeholders. The tool also provides over 340 resources for water resiliency and protection that can be implemented at the local level by community stakeholder groups. The tool contains a self-assessment feature and targeted resources for the following user groups: Water Sector, Healthcare and Public Health Sector, Emergency Services Sector, State and Tribal Primacy Agencies, Local Officials, Community Partners, and other Non-Water Entities.
This report, supported by the C.S. Mott Foundation, explores the current and future role of U.S. community foundations in international giving. It examines the ways in which U.S. community foundations are currently involved in international giving and begins to identify the resources and strategies needed to strengthen the capacity of community foundations to respond to their donors’ interests in global giving.
Tripartite declaration of principles concerning multinational enterprises and social policy (MNE Declaration) - 4th Edition
In the 1960s and 1970s, the activities of multinational enterprises (MNEs) provoked intense discussions that resulted in efforts to draw up international instruments for regulating their conduct and defining the terms of their relations with host countries, mostly in the developing world. Labour-related and social policy issues were among those concerns to which the activities of MNEs gave rise. The ILO’s search for international guidelines in its sphere of competence resulted, in 1977, in the adoption by the ILO Governing Body, of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration).
The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises are far reaching recommendations for responsible business conduct that 44 adhering governments – representing all regions of the world and accounting for 85% of foreign direct investment – encourage their enterprises to observe wherever they operate. The Guidelines were updated in 2011 for the fifth time since they were first adopted in 1976. This booklet contains the official version of the text, implementation procedures and commentary of the 2011 update.
International Lessons of Experience and Best Practice in Participatory Monitoring in Extractive Industry Projects
In the last decade, extractive companies, project-impacted communities and stakeholders have developed increased skills and knowledge in monitoring procedures. Numerous experiences have raised awareness and supported the assertion that multi-party participation in environmental monitoring provides a unique opportunity to receive timely contributions and feedback which in turn result in the overall improvement of the monitoring process. Better social and environmental monitoring and evaluation contribute significantly to improve relationships, to reduce social tensions, and to the adoption of preventive measures to manage conflicts.