This website provides practical knowledge and tools focusing on social, environmental and economic development issues for companies, civil society, local and regional governments.
The Community-Based Water Resiliency (CBWR) electronic tool increases the awareness of water sector interdependencies and highlights multiple benefits of implementing preparedness practices and gaining support from stakeholders. The tool also provides over 340 resources for water resiliency and protection that can be implemented at the local level by community stakeholder groups. The tool contains a self-assessment feature and targeted resources for the following user groups: Water Sector, Healthcare and Public Health Sector, Emergency Services Sector, State and Tribal Primacy Agencies, Local Officials, Community Partners, and other Non-Water Entities.
This report, supported by the C.S. Mott Foundation, explores the current and future role of U.S. community foundations in international giving. It examines the ways in which U.S. community foundations are currently involved in international giving and begins to identify the resources and strategies needed to strengthen the capacity of community foundations to respond to their donors’ interests in global giving.
Tripartite declaration of principles concerning multinational enterprises and social policy (MNE Declaration) - 4th Edition
In the 1960s and 1970s, the activities of multinational enterprises (MNEs) provoked intense discussions that resulted in efforts to draw up international instruments for regulating their conduct and defining the terms of their relations with host countries, mostly in the developing world. Labour-related and social policy issues were among those concerns to which the activities of MNEs gave rise. The ILO’s search for international guidelines in its sphere of competence resulted, in 1977, in the adoption by the ILO Governing Body, of the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration).
The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises are far reaching recommendations for responsible business conduct that 44 adhering governments – representing all regions of the world and accounting for 85% of foreign direct investment – encourage their enterprises to observe wherever they operate. The Guidelines were updated in 2011 for the fifth time since they were first adopted in 1976. This booklet contains the official version of the text, implementation procedures and commentary of the 2011 update.
International Lessons of Experience and Best Practice in Participatory Monitoring in Extractive Industry Projects
In the last decade, extractive companies, project-impacted communities and stakeholders have developed increased skills and knowledge in monitoring procedures. Numerous experiences have raised awareness and supported the assertion that multi-party participation in environmental monitoring provides a unique opportunity to receive timely contributions and feedback which in turn result in the overall improvement of the monitoring process. Better social and environmental monitoring and evaluation contribute significantly to improve relationships, to reduce social tensions, and to the adoption of preventive measures to manage conflicts.
This is intended as an easy-to-use toolkit for understanding men’s and women’s differentiated access to the resources and opportunities associated with artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) and how they are affected by ASM. The Toolkit was produced by the Oil, Gas, and Mining Policy Unit (SEGOM) of the World Bank, through the generous support of the World Bank’s Gender Action Plan.
This document introduces considerations and recommendations for oil and gas development in coastal environments. It highlights key issues for decisionmakers and their advisors, project managers and HSE professionals in planning, designing, impact-assessing and managing oil and gas activities in these areas.
When a mining company seeks to embark on a project in indigenous territories, a clash of cultures is inevitable. That clash need not be violent, however, and neither need it be irreconcilable. Yet managing your way to a positive outcome demands a deft hand and a patient spirit. Neither attribute is traditionally associated with the mining industry. There can be a higher level of distrust that even companies with good intentions can struggle to establish a common understanding. Often companies get off on the wrong foot. In the past there’s been a headlong rush towards getting to a point of agreement without really understanding the importance of building sound relationships early on.
For the rapidly urbanising developing world, safe and affordable water is key to health and livelihoods, as well as meeting the Millennium Development Goals. But providing it demands innovative models. Where the context allows and the approach is appropriate, private sector involvement can generate win-win outcomes. Poor people can gain access to high-quality, affordable services, and companies can gain access to new and profitable business opportunities. Two examples of innovative ‘private’ water suppliers are the Manila Water Company’s Water for the Poor Communities (TPSB) programme, and the Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) partnership. Both have a multisector approach to service expansion and provision, including partnerships with local authorities; strong community involvement in selecting, designing and operating options; appropriate service levels to reduce costs; and a flexible range of services. Many elements of these models are also replicable.
Payments for watershed services (PWS) are an increasingly popular conservation and water management tool in developing countries. Some schemes are thriving, and are pro-poor. Others are stalling or have only mixed success. Most rely on public or donor finance; and other sources of funding are unlikely to play a significant role any time soon. In part, financing PWS schemes remains a challenge because the actual evidence for their effectiveness is still scanty — it is hard to prove that they actually work to benefit both livelihoods and environments. Getting more direct and concrete data on costs and benefits will be crucial to securing the long-term future of PWS schemes.